I have always had this strange connection to Ireland. I am not from Ireland , however I have always had this pull towards the land and its history . People often asked me if I was Irish because I have red hair and blue eyes , I would always tell them no, and that I thought that I got my red hair from my father’s Scottish lineage . I was never very interested in my family tree , I briefly looked into my Grandmother’s tree , but when the information and records stopped abruptly only two generations in, I gave up.
The reason that people thought that I was Irish was because Ireland has a high concentration of red haired people . In Ireland, the percentage of population with red hair is estimated to be at around 10%,making it the most red-haired country in the world. The MC1R gene has been identified by researchers as the gene responsible for red hair as well as the accompanying fair skin and tendency towards freckles. These genes were then brought to the British Isles by the original settlers, men and women who would have been relatively tall, with little body fat, athletic, fair-skinned and who would have had red hair.
When I met Edain De Kerri and discovered she was from Ireland , I became more fascinated with the Isle , reading many of the old ancient tales of the Tuatha De Danann. Little did I know that I had Irish blood flowing through my veins. I had my DNA tested some time after meeting Edain and writing the first chapters of this book. I was astonished when I received the results, as I discovered I had 60% Irish ancestry . The other 40% was made up of Scottish, Welsh, European and Scandinavian blood. Like I said I was never very interested in my family lineage , however after receiving my DNA test results and discovering I was half Irish, it triggered something in me. I began to have this intense feeling of connection to my ancestors, not something I had experienced before . I began to dream about old tribes and ancestors from long ago. In meditation an ancestor from the past came into my awareness. He was tall , his hair was flaming red and his eyes an intense blue. His beard was red and plaited with several braids. He wore a torc of gold around his neck and his clothes were those of a warrior. His name was Bouderin and he told me he was my ancestor from Ireland.
Although no one knows for certain what the Tuatha De Danann looked like, descriptions, such as of their female war-leader Eriu, indicate tall people with pale skin, high foreheads, long red hair and large blue eyes. Ériu was a Queen and patron goddess of Ireland around the time of the Milesian invasion. She was seen as the Goddess of Irish Sovereignty. The Book of Invasions, the Lebor Gabála Érenn, describes how Ériu, Banba and Fódla each met with the Milesian bard Amergin. Each made a deal with Amergin about the impending invasion asking that their name be given to the new land. This request was granted, with Ériu or Éire being the most common name, however Banba and Fódla are still sometimes used as poetic names for Ireland. Today the Gaelige name for Ireland is Éire, and the proper name of the Republic of Ireland is Poblacht na hÉireann. Ériu is thus seen as the personification of the island of Éire .
A poem in the Lebor Gabála Érenn , describes the Tuatha king and his people thus:
“A space of seven years, Nuada noble stately over the fair-haired company, the rule of the man large-breasted, flaxen-maned, before his coming into Ireland.”
His wife, Macha, said to be one aspect of the female triple deity, the Morrigan, was as fierce as any man in battle. She was described as ‘Macha the Red’. The Dagda, ( Head Druid ) which means the ‘Good God’, was also known as Ruadh Rofhessa, the ‘Mighty Red One of Great Knowledge’. The name Ruairi (pronounced Roo-ree) is a popular Irish name for boys, anglicised to Rory, which means ‘red haired king’.
In the days when the Tuatha de Danaan lived openly and freely in Ireland, Balor. the King of the Fomorians, lived over the sea on an Isle of the Tower of Glass. Balor was very envious of a cow that Cian of the Tuatha de Danaan owned, a beast whose udders were always full, however much milk was taken from them. So Balor made a journey to Ireland in order to steal it. One day the cow was being held outside a smithy while Cian was inside at work with his brother Goibniu. Balor put on the appearance of a little boy, having red hair,walked over to the man who was holding the cow and told him that his two brothers inside were hatching a plot to defraud him. This third brother rushed into the workshop leaving the cow standing where she was. A few moments later, realising that they might all have been duped, they rushed out again only to find that the cow had disappeared. Cian sought advice from a lady-druid about how to recover the cow. She gave him some women’s clothes to wear and carried him across with her to the Isle of the Tower of Glass in a blast of wind.
Red haired people have always been associated with extra -sensory perception, occult or magical powers and are even seen by some as evil demons. According to ancient tradition red hair and pale white skin is the royal holy colouring. Lilith, the goddess-mother of the Elves was red haired. Radamanthus, the brother of Enlil (Zeus Dispater) was red haired. The vampires of Serbia were red haired. The Scythians and Tocharians were red haired and witches the world over were recognised by their red hair and green eyes. The Cimbri, were said to be giants living in Celtic Gaul. They had long manes of blond and red hair and a fierce, warlike demeanour, all of which lead them to be compared to lions. ( is there a connection between these Cimmerians and the people of Lyonesse) . They were also known as the “Cimmerians”, which may be suggestive of a Sumerian connection. This legend led in modern times to the inspiration for the story of “Conan the Cimmerian”, the fierce warrior of the northern land of Hyperboria.
War Between the Tuatha De Danaan and the Annunkai – Ireland and the Red Haired Race by Mary Sutherland – “ The ‘D’ in the name Danaan can be interchanged with ‘C’, thus showing the Danaan to be synonymous with Canaan. The Danaan tribes left Atlantis and settled in Asia Minor (now Turkey), Greece and the Aegean Islands. The original name for Cyprus was ‘Ia-Dan’ or ‘Isle of Dan’ – and the name ‘Isle of Man’ in the Irish Sea, a place so important to the Druids, without a doubt has the same origin. Travelling from Atlantis to the British Isles the Danaan (Canaan) became known as the ‘Tuatha de Danaan’ or the ‘People of the Sea’ . One branch of these Atlanteans were the Tyrrhenians, which later split in half to become the Carians or Phoenicians, which eventually migrated to what became known as Canaan, a territory of the Asia Minor Coast, which can be translated as the ‘Land of the Fire Serpent’. One of the Danaan headquarters was on the Island of Rhodes, a name that originated from a Syrian word for serpent. Rhodes was the home of the Danaan brotherhood of initiates and magicians known as the Telchines. According to the Greek historian, Diodorus, these initiates (like that of the Djinn) had the ability to heal, change the weather, and ‘shape-shift’ into any form. The name Rhodes is connected to the German word ‘Rot’ which means ‘Red’. “
The Telchines, they were regarded as excellent metallurgists: they were skilled metal workers in brass and iron, and made a trident for Poseidon and a sickle for Cronus , both ceremonial weapons. The Telchines were entrusted by Rhea with the upbringing of Poseidon, which they accomplished with the aid of Capheira , one of Oceanus‘ daughters. They were believed to bring about hailstorms, snow, and rain at will, to assume any shape they pleased, and produced a substance poisonous to living things. The gods (Zeus , Poseidon or Apollo) eventually killed them because they began to use magic for malignant purposes; particularly, they produced a mixture of Stygian water and sulphur, which killed animals and plants[ (according to Nonnus, they did so as a revenge for being driven out of Rhodes by the Heliadae). Accounts vary on how exactly they were destroyed: by flood,or Zeus’s thunderbolt, or Poseidon’s trident, or else Apollo assumed the shape of a wolf to kill them. They apparently lost one of the titanomachias, the battles between the gods and the Titans.
The Red-Haired Race And The Atlantean Connection: III The America https://mysticablog.wordpress.com – “ The myths of Native Americans sustain that when their ancestors arrived in the Americas, they met an already existing population in the new lands, which they describe as mythical beings.
Was there an unknown culture on the American continent the existence of which goes back to before the last Ice Age? Who were they? To find some elements that might support this idea, we need to have a look at modern DNA testing.
DNA – the European connection
According to the prevailing New World migration model, migrations of humans from Eurasia to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge that connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The most recent migration could have taken place around 12,000 years ago, with the earliest period remaining a matter of some unresolved contention. These early Paleo-Indians soon spread throughout the continent, diversifying into many hundreds of culturally distinct nations and tribes. However, modern DNA analysis sheds some new light on this theory, leaving scholars with more questions than answers. In molecular evolution, a haplogroup is a group of similar haplotypes that share a common ancestor. A haplogroup from mitochondrial DNA can be understood as a marker that can be used to define genetic populations and their migrations. In human genetics, the haplogroups most commonly studied are Y-chromosome (Y-DNA) haplogroups and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups, both of which can be used to backtrack the migrations and geographical origins of our ancestors.
There are five different haplogroups found within the native tribes of the Americas. In this article and for the purpose, we will focus on only one of them: the haplogroup X. Haplogroup X is believed to be one of the original haplogroups of the continent. It is present in all indigenous people, with a bigger concentration in some tribes and areas than in others. Unlike the four main Native American mtDNA haplogroups (A, B, C, D), and the Y-chromosome sub-haplogroup Q1a3a, X is not at all strongly associated with East Asia. It is only found in small quantities in Western Asian areas, like in the Altay people in Southwestern Siberia. However, it is found in approximately 7% of native Europeans, and 3% of all Native Americans from North America.
The question that arises from these discoveries is of course:
If the Native Americans migrated once over the Bering Bridge to the Americas and originated in Asia, how is it possible that haplogroup X exists in the Americas and in Europe, but not in (Eastern) Asian populations?
European genes: the scientific debate about the migration into the American continent
Through the analysis of various mutations within haplogroup X, scientists are able to use that “genetic clock” to estimate the time of arrival of those early Europeans. Depending on how large a group they assume headed west, they come up with two time ranges – either between 36,000 and 23,000 years ago or between 17,000 and 12,000 years ago. It is for sure that the DNA did not arrive in America with the European explorers of the last 500 years or so. European X and American X are different enough to establish with certainty they must have diverged thousands of years ago. That is long before the age of exploration introduced European genes to the New World. Interestingly, DNA testing on pre-Columbian Native American skeletal remains showed that haplogroup X was present in those ancient peoples in the same proportion as it is in modern Native American tribes. The results offer a completely new look on how the American continent was populated and confirm that the cultural similarities between ancient peoples on different continents might be much more than just a coincidence. Scientists try to explain these facts with new theories about the population of the New World. They believe that the Solutreans of Spain might have crossed the Atlantic using the southern Equatorial current and entered the Caribbean and Central America between 18,000 and 12,000 years ago. They would then become known as the Clovis hunters of America. Clovis, with its distinctive biface, blade and osseous technologies, is the oldest widespread archaeological complex defined in North America, dating from 11,100 to 10,700 years before present (13,000 to 12,600 calendar years bp). However, the DNA analysis of a child’s bones from 12,600 years ago, discovered in the U.S. state Montana, made scientists conclude that those early inhabitants of the American continent migrated to the Americas from Siberia and are therefore of Asian origin.
The recent genetic findings mentioned above suggest also that the people now known as Gaelic speaking Celts (including Irish, Welsh, Scots, Basques and Berbers) are a remnant of a group of people who also left Spain between 18,000 and 12,000 years ago and spent 6,000 years isolated from Europe before returning, bringing the Megalithic culture to coastal Europe. Considering the cultural findings of the populations in Europe from 18,000 years ago, the question arises whether it is realistic to suppose that those people were able to travel across the ocean to reach the American East coast. Which was the motivation for them to migrate and how did they know that there was another continent on the other side? And if they didn’t know – why would they undertake such a possibly fatal adventure? These questions remain, until now, unanswered.
Other tribes on the American continent describe the people that their ancestors found at their arrival on the continent as mythical beings with super natural powers. This corresponds to important legends of Central and South American peoples. The Mayas and Aztecs recorded their encounters with a race of giants that lived in the north, and everywhere in the populations of the Andes Mountains we find the same legend of a tall, bearded man with fair skin who appeared coming over the ocean. He arrived in times of great trouble when the sun had disappeared and flood had devastated Earth. They called him Viracocha. The stranger was a man of incredible knowledge. He was a great architect, scientist, engineer and mason. He was generous and loving and taught people how to make a better living for themselves. He was tall, physically strong and had mythical powers that enabled him to form landscapes and create water springs. He told the people to treat each other with love and respect and do good for others.
One day a group of people in a village stood up against him and threatened him physically. As he was in danger, the man suddenly fell on his knees and lifted up his hands towards the sky, and instantly a fire appeared from the heavens then engulfed him and the people who had aggressed him. They were so frightened that they dropped all weapons, seeking forgiveness.
At his willpower, the fire disappeared. But the bearded man went down to the ocean and stepped into the waves. He promised to come back, but he was never seen again.
The people who witnessed his farewell called him “Viracocha”, which means “Foam of the Ocean”. Nobody knows who the Viracocha was. Ancient Spanish documents report that a marble statue of the Viracocha existed once in Coriancha in Peru. The statue was described as to look like Saint Bartholomeus. Other sources said that it looked like Saint Thomas. One thing is for sure: whoever he was, the Viracocha was certainly not a Native American, but rather someone of Caucasian appearance.
A similar story is told about the Mesoamerican deity Quetzalcoatl. The name originates from Nahuatl language and means “feather serpent”. Many depictions show him exactly as that. The legends say that Quetzacoatl arrived coming from the ocean to the land that today is Mexico. He was described as a tall man with light skin and a beard and as a powerful if also ethereal being. Quetzacoatl brought the peoples of the area great knowledge. He was a mathematician, and it is believed that he was the one who gave the Mayas their complex calendar, based on his formulas. The Spanish who have documented the conquest of America describe the being they had heard of as a man with light skin with a long beard, tall and with a high forehead, big hazel eyes and physically strong. He refused blood sacrifices and predicated peace.
Throughout the continent, Quetzacoatl was called with different names. In Chichen Itzá he was called Kukulcan, and the Quiché-Maya called him Gucumatz. Both names again mean “feathered serpent”. Other names for him were Itzamana and Votan. All these Gods brought culture and knowledge to the peoples that came in contact with them. All of them came across the ocean, and all of them went back into the waters with the promise to come back.
It is very unlikely that the parallels in these legends are mere coincidence. Did the Native Americans imagine people of Caucasian appearance long before the first Europeans arrived on the continent? Or is it possible that they had actually seen such people before the arrival of the official discoverers?
It is said today by scholars that the Spaniards who documented the conquest of Mesoamerica, might have changed the stories told to them in a way that Mesoamerican deities became more and more similar to Europeans. But it is a widely known story that when the Spanish Conquistadores under Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro reached the shores of what is today Mexico, the Aztec King Montezuma and his people went to greet the visitors and honoured them as returning Gods. The Aztecs were warriors and certainly conscious of the possibility that strangers who appeared at their coasts might not have come with peaceful intentions. If the description of a light skinned and bearded Quetzalcoatl were the mere fantasy of the Spaniards, why did the Aztecs consider them returning Gods?
Red-haired mummies of the Americas: survivors of a sunken continent?
In North America, red-haired mummies have been found in Michigan, Illinois, New York State, Virgina, Arizona and Nevada. In South America, red-haired mummies and giant humanoid bones have been unearthed in Peru, Brazil, Chile, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Columbia. The finds had a major impact on common theories about early populations and their migrations and changed the widely accepted theory of the population of the Americas entirely, enhanced by modern genetic research. The debate stretches from theories about different simultaneous migrations into the Americas to claims about racist intentions.
Fact is, however, that up to the current day, nobody has a clear answer to the all over question: how is it possible that there are genetic and cultural similarities in ancient populations in many places on the globe, very distant from each other, if we assume that the cultures in those places had no direct contact? With the latest DNA results, scientists saw themselves forced to drop this latter claim. Yet, any kind of contact doesn’t explain why red-haired mummies are found all over the globe, and why the cultural impact on all other peoples was so striking. And it has yet to be found out which human race’s members were taller than modern man and characterized by red hair.
Not later than now, the question arises: was there eventually an earlier civilization, possibly highly advanced, that migrated into other continents? And if so, what were their motivations? Were they just a belligerent, aggressive people who wanted to expand and subdue all other populations? But then again, who were they? Common history about human ancestry has ignored those people’s existence entirely. They weren’t actually known until the evidence of their existence popped up with the discoveries of the mummies. So, where was their home place? Where did they originate from? Were they really descendants of European races? Or are the European races rather descendants from a people that at some point landed on European shores? Are they the so called “Civilization X”, the mysterious culture previous to everything we know about the history of mankind?
Many hypothesis of the location of the mythical continent Atlantis have been made since Plato mentioned it in his works Timaeus and Critias. Many researchers consider it a great possibility that it was somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean. When it sank into the floods, some people could have managed to escape and reached the shores of distant continents. They might have brought their knowledge and culture to other tribes and peoples; they might have come in conflict with them or tried to subdue them. However, this hypothesis would solve the DNA riddle, and explain apparently incomprehensible similarities in the different cultures. It would explain why the mysterious tall redheads appear in the tales of cultures that live far away from each other and why their mummified remains are being found in the most unthinkable places all over the globe.
Unfortunately, when we search for official information about the mythical continent, we find out that its real existence keeps not being considered a possibility by scholars.
In Wikipedia, the article about Atlantis opens with the words: “Atlantis (…) is the name of a fictional island mentioned within an allegory on the hubris of nations in Plato’s works Timaeus and Critias, where it represents the antagonist naval power that besieges “Ancient Athens”, the pseudo-historic embodiment of Plato’s ideal.”
Nevertheless, the fascination by the story and the search for hints for its real existence will likely never cease. Atlantis would have existed in a very distant time. Swallowed by the ocean, it left no considerable trace of its existence. Therefore, for modern science it remains a fairy tale.
Nevertheless, putting together lose ends researching genetic and anthropological mysteries, the sunken continent offers a much better explanation than many scientific theories of today. “
It seems that my ancestors came from Atlantis, some went to Ireland, some migrating as far as the Americas , and even China.
Red Haired Mummies of China from Burlingtonnews website – “ Recent excavations in the Tarim Basin in Xinjiang province have uncovered more than 100 naturally mummified corpses of people who lived there between 4,000 and 2,400 years ago, indicating that the Aryan race of red and blonde hair with blue eyes lived in this area at one time. The bodies were amazingly well preserved by the arid climate, and according to the New York Times: “…archaeologists could hardly believe what they saw.” The mummies had long noses and skulls, blond or red hair, thin lips, deepest eyes, and other unmistakably Aryan features. Dr. Victor H. Mair of the University of Pennsylvania said, “Because the Tarim Basin Caucasoid corpses are almost certainly representatives of the Indo-European family, and because they date from a time period early enough to have a bearing on the expansion of the Indo-European people from their homeland, it is thought that they will play a crucial role in determining just where that might have been.” One such mummy of a teenaged girl with blond hair and blue eyes, found in a cave, has become quite a tourist attraction in Beijing. She has been nicknamed “The Lady of Tarim” and she is on display to throngs of museum visitors in the Chinese capital. Apparently she was a princess or a priestess of some kind over 3,000 years ago, for she was buried in fine embroidered garments of wool and leather, along with beautiful jewellery, jars and ornaments of gold, silver, jade and onyx. Her remains are in such a remarkable state of preservation that the dead girl looks as if she were just sleeping.
A search of a museum reveals a young woman with an overbite, which is European in nature, and a elderly man with reddish hair. They also find woollen textiles woven into twill and tartan patterns in blue, white, and red. Similar to the Celtic tartans from Northwest Europe. Scientific reconstruction of the heads of the mummies produces a face that strongly resembles ancient Celts and Saxons. The mummy people used the wheel long before it was known in China, and may have played a role in introducing it to Chinese civilization. There are 3,000-year-old rock engravings similar to ones in Bulgaria and the Ukraine. The characters have long noses, long faces and round eyes. According to the ancient Chinese, the European nomads had red hair, bluish-green eyes and had long noses.”
Red hair was associated with the tribes of Thrace and Scythia – areas to the north of ancient Greece. The historian Herodotus talks about a tribe with “blue-grey eyes and red hair” called the Budini, living in the region of Scythia. The Ostrusha burial mound excavation in Bulgaria, uncovered a beautiful image of a clearly red-haired Thracian woman. Thracians inhabited parts of the ancient provinces: Thrace, Moesia, Macedonia, Dacia, Scythia Minor, Sarmatia, Bithynia, Mysia, Pannonia, and other regions on the Balkans and Anatolia. Several Thracian graves or tombstones have the name Rufus inscribed on them, meaning “redhead” – a common name given to people with red hair. Rhesus of Thrace, a mythological Thracian King, derived his name because of his red hair and is depicted on Greek pottery ,as having red hair and beard.
The tribes of ancient Britain were also associated with red hair in the minds of ancient Romans. The British warrior-queen Bodicea, scourge of the Roman legions, was described by the writer Dio Cassius as being “tall and terrifying” in appearance and as having a “great mass of red hair”. Both then and now she was seen as a symbol of the fiery red-haired north.
NB * This is an ongoing project , these are the first chapters more to come
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